By Norman Hampson
The progressive stream which all started in 1787 disrupted each element of French society, emerging to a pitch of such severe violence that the consequences are nonetheless felt in France this present day. The Revolution used to be the made of social tensions that built all through France within the moment half the eighteenth century. Norman Hampson analyses the character of those social conflicts inside their political framework.
With sufficient history info to fulfill the overall reader without earlier wisdom of the topic, Norman Ha mpson's publication devotes specific awareness to provincial France. the result's either an image of the ultimate hindrance in French society, and an exam of social attitudes and aspirations whose impact has been common and enduring.
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Additional resources for A Social History of the French Revolution
Nevertheless, the new forces did have some effect, even if they were not carried far enough to satisfy an Arthur Young. A sharp increase in grain prices about 1770 led to a period of speculation in land. Many small tenancies were united into large farms and some enclosures were made, even though full advantage was not taken of the possibilities which they offered. Rents rose even more sharply than prices and the smallholder who relied on finding land to rent was soon in difficulties. The result of this tendency towards capitalist farming was sharply to accentuate the tensions within the village.
The inevitable consequence, since the French peasant was no serf, was an increase in rural litigation and violence. Villages that lost lawsuits against their seigneurs—and very few won them—found themselves crushed under a new burden of debt. Tempers rose, 1 P. de Saint Jacob, op. , pp. orm movement in North Burgundy and a description of the village community on the eve of the Revolution that is probably valid for much of France. 2 Forster, op. , chap, ii; Forster, loc. , p. 18. Mathiez, La Vie Chère: le Mouvement Social sous la Terreur (Paris, 1927), pp.
Reason and sensibility both accommodated themselves to violent onslaughts on the organization and theology of the Roman Catholic Church—the Calvinists, whose republican citystate of Geneva was more to the tastes of the age, had a better Press. To a limited extent the Church was able to adapt itself to the changing atmosphere. 3 But there were obvious limits beyond which concessions could not be made. How far scepticism had penetrated the provinces it is difficult to say. In Poitou the marquis de Ferrières was busy writing on Deism and attacking the monastic orders, and if one is to judge from similar writings by several of the men who were to play an active part in the Revolution, scepticism may have been widespread 1 McManners, op.