By Stuart A. Rice

This sequence offers the chemical physics box with a discussion board for serious, authoritative reviews of advances in each zone of the self-discipline.

issues integrated during this quantity contain fresh advancements in classical density sensible conception, nonadiabatic chemical dynamics in intermediate and severe laser fields, and bilayers and their simulation.Content:

Chapter 1 contemporary advancements in Classical Density useful conception (pages 1–92): James F. Lutsko

Chapter 2 Nonadiabatic Chemical Dynamics in Intermediate and excessive Laser Fields (pages 93–156): Kazuo Takatsuka and Takehiro Yonehara

Chapter three Liquid Bilayer and its Simulation (pages 157–219): J. Stecki

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**Extra resources for Advances in Chemical Physics, Volume 144**

**Sample text**

54) and (55) and the accompanying discussion]. In this case, the parameters are the number density of lattice sites, rlatt (or, equivalently, the lattice constant a), the Gaussian parameter a, and the occupancy x; or, equivalently, the average density is r ¼ x rlatt . Assuming no field except for at the boundaries of the (large) volume, the Euler–Lagrange equations for the uniform solid are @F½r ¼ mx @ rlatt Ã @F½r ¼ m rlatt @x ð101Þ @F½r ¼0 @a In fact, in many calculations, the occupancy is held fixed to x ¼ 1 since one expects values very close to this in equilibrium solids.

In many cases, one is able to make a reasonable guess as to the general properties of the density profile and can therefore propose an analytic form that is expected to closely approximate the exact result. For example, in the case of a planar interface in which the density is uniform except in one direction, 16 JAMES F. LUTSKO a hyperbolic tangent is a natural choice: rðz; rÀ1 ; r1 ; z0 ; aÞ ¼ rÀ1 þ ð r1 À rÀ1 Þ expðaðz À z0 ÞÞ expðaðz À z0 ÞÞ þ expðÀaðz À z0 ÞÞ ð53Þ so that there are four parameters: the densities at z ¼ Æ1, the location of the interface, z0 , and the inverse width, a.

Since the one-body density is the probability to find a particle at a given position, it follows that rðr1 ; r2 ; m; ½fÞ=rðr1 ; m; ½fÞ ¼ rðr2 ; m; ½fÞgðr1 ; r2 ; m; ½fÞ is the conditional distribution giving the probability RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN CLASSICAL DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY 15 to find a particle at position r2 given that there is one at position r1 . Conceptually, this is identical to the probability to find a particle at position r2 in a system with a particle fixed at position r1 .