By Hans P. Binswanger-Mkhize, Camille Bourguignon, Rogier J. E. van den Brink
Regardless of 250 years of land reform around the globe, vital land inequalities stay, specifically in Latin the United States and southern Africa. whereas in those areas, there's close to consensus at the desire for redistribution, a lot controversy persists round how one can redistribute land peacefully and legally, usually blocking off growth on implementation. This ebook makes a speciality of the 'how' of land redistribution so as to forge better consensus between land reform practitioners and allow them to make larger offerings at the mechanisms of land reform.
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Additional resources for Agricultural Land Redistribution: Toward Greater Consensus (Agriculture and Rural Development Series)
Requiring a contribution helps self-select people who actually are willing and able to run a farm. Brazil, Guatemala, Honduras, Malawi, South Africa, and many other countries ask beneficiaries to contribute in cash, in kind, or by loan. But such a request should be done within limits so as not to exclude the poor or saddle new farmers with too much debt (see chapter 3). Allowing for relatively small in-kind contributions ensures that the scheme is accessible to the poor (see chapters 6, 7, 10, 11, and 14).
Zimbabwe, for example, provided no special protection to former workers under its Fast Track Land Redistribution, and that resulted in widespread loss of employment and destitution. 2. In Zimbabwe between 1965 and 1970, the colonial government carried out what may be considered the final land redistribution in favor of the white settlers. Still, like Namibia, Zimbabwe has opted not to include a restitution path in its land reform program. These differences may result from the fact that many of the anti-apartheid civil society groups and freedom fighters in South Africa had been deeply involved in litigation against forced resettlements and cared deeply about the people who had been removed.
Governments need to intervene to boost the purchasing power of the poor and eliminate incentives for the wealthy to hold land for nonagricultural purposes. Even when the cost of acquiring land is low, the poor rarely have the resources to acquire it in the market and often have difficulty gaining access to credit. Ironically, the political power of large landowners generally enables them to secure more credit than the poor can secure, making matters in the land market even worse. Governments need to intervene to counter this bias.