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Download Airpower & the Cult of the Offensive by John R. Carter PDF

By John R. Carter

Significant Carter explores 3 case stories that experience vital similarities: the doctrine of significant Britain's Royal Air strength from 1918 to 1938, the Israeli Air Force's technique from 1967 to 1973, and the us Air Force's method from 1953 to 1965. He starts via setting up the theoretical history priceless for case research research. He dissects the connection among offense and safety to find that airpower security enjoys neither a bonus of place nor of time. He examines the character of offense and safety as they practice to airpower and provides purposes army association may possibly want offensive doctrines. significant Carter identifies the weather and implications of the cult of the offensive.

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Extra resources for Airpower & the Cult of the Offensive

Sample text

When these variables lead to conflicting doctrinal choices, the one with the strongest case dominates. If the organizational ethos is at stake, motivational bias dominates. If the military has powerful, centralized institutions, simplification bias dominates. If incontrovertible evidence of the efficacy of either offense or defense exists, rational calculation dominates. If no single force dominates, doctrine results from a synthesis of all three. 38 From Snyder’s work, it follows that if a military organization believes offense is more powerful than defense, the forces which shape the choice of strategy should tend to preserve and intensify that offensive preference.

CARTER perhaps skew a military organization’s preference for the offense. The author explores the application of the ideology of the offensive to airpower and the ramifications of preference for offensive doctrine postulated to apply to armed forces in general and to airpower in particular. The Appeal of Offensive Doctrines Military organizations promulgate doctrine to guide the development of strategy for a particular military event. Doctrine attempts to capture the accumulated lessons of previous conflicts and combine them with the implications of theory to provide a “best-approach” guide for strategists.

97 A 1937 RAF report stated that the Luftwaffe would be able to inflict 10 times as many casualties in 1939 as it could in 1937, and pointed out that defense against such an attack would be impossible. 98 The Impetus behind Offensive Doctrine The convergence of opinion among “the airmen, the alarmists, and the disarmers” 99 on the expected effects of strategic bombing may have contributed to the RAF’s offensive bent. Whether one or the other of these groups began the trend of exaggeration, the idea that airpower would have a decisive impact on any future conflict was constantly 43 CADRE PAPER reinforced.

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