By D. W. Gilchrist Shirlaw
Read or Download An Agricultural Geography of Great Britain. The Commonwealth and International Library: Geography Division PDF
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Extra resources for An Agricultural Geography of Great Britain. The Commonwealth and International Library: Geography Division
T h e cereal most often grown is oats since it withstands the conditions better than barley. Root crops are extensively grown, especially in Scotland, though today there is a tendency to grow more grass for silage and to grow less roots. Some of the Scottish upland farmers have a subsidiary enterprise of seed potatoes. CHAPTER 3 STOCK REARING AND FATTENING FARMS STOCK rearing and fattening farms are located at somewhat lower elevations than dominantly stock rearing farms, where both soil and climatic conditions are well suited to the cultivation of fodder crops, but not so well suited to the widespread cultivation of cash crops such as potatoes, wheat and sugar beet.
On some farms 34 The Farming Systems of Great Britain mating will take place on in-bye land, if sufficient is available ; this practice may lead to a higher lambing percentage since the ewes are in a better condition at mating and there is more certainty that they will be served by the ram. T h e ewes are in-lamb on the hill between December and April. In most areas supplementary feeding will only be given during severe snow storms. It is argued that this practice keeps the ewes from becoming dependent on hand feeding and maintains the hardiness of the breed.
In all these trials silage has been shown to be a real alternative to roots, giving a satisfactory live weight gain and a good quality carcass at slaughter. A number of farmers in the above-defined areas have now adopted this practice. BARLEY BEEF An even more recent development is that of beef from barley. This system has been studied in this country mainly at the Rowett Research Institute, Aberdeen. Essentially the system is similar to the beef batteries of the United States ; the animals are fattened entirely on concentrates, and without the use of roughages ; the concentrates consist of about 85 per cent of barley and are given ad libitum ; the cattle are housed in yards and the aim is to have them fattened in less than twelve months.