By Eckart Woertz
Within the wake of the worldwide nutrition challenge of 2008 center jap oil manufacturers introduced multi-billion investments to safe foodstuff provides from in a foreign country. known as land grabs, such investments are on the middle of the worldwide meals protection problem and positioned the center East within the highlight of simultaneous international crises within the fields of nutrients, finance, and effort. Water shortage here's such a lot stated, import dependence turning out to be, and the hyperlinks among oil and foodstuff are manifold starting from the economics of biofuels to weather swap and the supply of the most important enter elements like fuels and fertilizers. sooner or later, the center East won't in simple terms play a famous position in international oil, but additionally in worldwide foodstuff markets, this time at the intake side.
In Oil for Food, Eckart Woertz analyzes the geopolitical implications at the back of the present funding force of Arab Gulf international locations in nutrients insecure international locations like Sudan or Pakistan. Having lived in Dubai for seven years, and drawing on vast archival assets and interviews, he provides the interior tale of ways local nutrition safeguard issues have built traditionally, how family agro-lobbies form coverage making, and the way the failed try to advance Sudan as an Arab bread-basket within the Seventies consists of vital classes for modern-day investments drive.
The ebook argues opposed to the media hype that has been created round land grabs and analyzes why there was this kind of hole among introduced initiatives and their real implementation. in its place, it demands a revision of Gulf nutrients defense guidelines and indicates coverage choices. it really is crucial studying for teachers drawn to the political economic system of the Gulf quarter and for practitioners in governments, media, and overseas businesses who care for modern meals defense and effort matters.
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Additional resources for Oil for Food: The Global Food Crisis and the Middle East
50 Brown 2009: 8. 51 Runge and Runge 2010; Paarlberg 2010: 172f. ; IFPRI 2006; Nelson et al. 2009. 53 Paarlberg 2010: 59–62. 54 IAASTD 2009: 17, 67. For a critique of the report see Paarlberg 2010: 66. 48 49 24 The Gulf Food Security Predicament distribution and equity in the production process. 55 Globalization, increased food miles, and waste along the logistic chain are part of a system that is highly dependent on hydrocarbon inputs. Transnational corporations (TNCs) like Monsanto, Cargill, or Nestlé have increasingly dominated the value chains of this global food system.
The obesity rate in Saudi Arabia stays at 36 percent, in the UAE at 34 percent, and in Kuwait and Bahrain slightly lower at 29 percent. Globally, Saudi Arabia and the UAE are among the top ﬁve countries with diabetes prevalence with a share of roughly 13 percent. 25 IFPRI, Concern Worldwide, and Welthungerhilfe 2011: 49f. 26 For the following see The Economist, 3 March 2012; Ghattas 2012; Ruel 2012. 4. 5 Low Low Low Low Low Serious Moderate Serious Moderate Alarming Ex. 0 Alarming Alarming Ex. Alarming Ex.
55 Globalization, increased food miles, and waste along the logistic chain are part of a system that is highly dependent on hydrocarbon inputs. Transnational corporations (TNCs) like Monsanto, Cargill, or Nestlé have increasingly dominated the value chains of this global food system. They control the supply of input factors like seeds and fertilizers, dominate trade of bulk commodities, and then process them into packaged foods. The share of proﬁts in the food system that farmers earn has been constantly decreasing since World War II.